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Archaeology on Shifting Ground: Rodolfo Lanciani and Rome, 1871-1914.

Archaeology on Shifting Ground: Rodolfo Lanciani and Rome, 1871-1914.

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No serious study of ancient Roman topography and its monuments is undertaken without consulting the work of Rodolfo Lanciani (1845-1929), the archaeologist and scholar of ancient Rome. His Forma Urbis Romae, a large map published in sections between 1893 and 1901, captures all that was then known of the existence of the built world in the city. His multi-volumed Storia degli Scavi (1902-1913) is a formidable reference work, filled with notices of archaeological finds made in Rome from c. 1000 to 1870. Beginning in c. 1871, Lanciani provided innumerable articles and notes for two primary journals published by the Italian state and Romes municipal government, respectively, Notizie degli Scavi and Bulletino della Commissione archeologica comunale di Roma, on artifacts or buildings being freshly unearthed in Rome. In addition, he wrote English-language books and articles, using the recent discoveries to educate an Anglo-American audience about ancient Roman culture.

Although his life has been fully examined by Domenico Palombi in 2006, a rigorous examination of Lancianis formidable scholarly production has not yet been undertaken. This monograph will do this, positioning some of his fascinations, interpretations, and presentations of ancient Rome within a broad context of historical and cultural events in late 19th- / early 20th-century Rome. It scrutinizes Lancianis published work with the following in mind: the subtle transformations in the practice of archaeology in Italy, the extreme destruction of ancient Rome during the construction of the modern capital, the variable oversight of the bureaucratic archaeological services in Rome, and the heated political discourse over the ownership and display of cultural patrimony in the new nation. In addition, it takes into account that Lanciani's publications significantly contributed and responded to the interests of a nexus of international scholars, archaeologists, collectors, and museum professionals, including those from the United States.


Chapter 1: A Career in Archaeology
Portus and Magliana
Pietro Rosa, Sopraintendenza
Giuseppe Fiorelli, Direzione Generale
The Accademia dei Lincei
Commissione Archeologica Comunale

Chapter 2: What Was Found: 1868-86
The Capitoline Hill
The Roman Forum
The Palatine Hill
In and Around the Tiber River
Around the Colosseum and the Oppian and Celian Hills
The Eastern Hills
The Servian Wall
Around the Pantheon
The Large Baths of Rome
Ostia and Tivoli
In the region of the Alban Hills and elsewhere

Chapter 3: Lanciani and America: 1886-87
Contacts with Americans
Notes from Rome
Lecture Tour in America
Engaging with the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA)

Chapter 4: Rome, after America: 1887-90
Houghton Mifflin & Company
Content of Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Discoveries
The Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Advice on Collecting
Art Institute of Chicago
Claims and Counter-Claims

Chapter 5: A Reputation in Flux, post-1890
At the University
Forma Urbis Romae
Storia degli Scavi
More English-language Publications
A Successor in the Forum: Giacomo Boni
Shifting Ground

Chapter 6: Rounding out a Career: 1903-1911, and beyond
Displays at the Capitoline Museum
The 1911 Mostra Archeologica

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