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The Site of the Battle of the Aegates Islands at the end of the First Punic War

The Site of the Battle of the Aegates Islands at the end of the First Punic War

Fieldwork, analyses and perspectives, 2005-2015

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The final battle of the First Punic war between the Romans and Carthaginians, the Battle of the Aegates Islands, took place in 241 B.C. Under the Egadi Islands Survey Project led by the Soprintendenza del Mare, Sicily, intensive survey resulted in unique discoveries from an ancient battlefield. This publication includes the field seasons from 2010-15. Finds of bronze warship rams, armor, amphoras, inscriptions, and evidence of shipwreck sites confirm the discovery of this ancient naval battle landscape. Moreover, these artifacts provide new lines of inquiry into Latin epigraphy and the role of officials, the formation of battle landscapes, the dimensions of warships and their rams, types of personal armor, cultural change during the 3rd century B.C., and the economics of fleet construction during the First Punic War.

In memoriam
Sebastiano Tusa and Giovanni Garbini


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Premessa
Valeria li Vigni Tusa
Acknowledgement
J. G. Royal and S. Tusa
Foreword
S. Tusa and J. Goold
1. Archaeological finds as true evidences of the Egadi battle
S. Tusa
2. History of the project and overview of the site
S. Tusa and J. G. Royal
3. The ship class of the Egadi rams and Polybius account of the First Punic War
W. M. Murray
4. The warship rams: depositional contexts and descriptions
J. G. Royal and S. Tusa
4a. Bronze rostra: the Latin inscriptions
J. R. W. Prag
4b. The rams from the Aegates Islands: further considerations
T. Gnoli
5a. The Punic ram inscription
G. Garbini
5b. Egadi ram no. 3: proposed Punic text and translation
P. C. Schmitz
6a. Iconographic and epigraphic considerations on the Egadi rostra
F. Oliveri
6b. Iconographic elements on the warship rams
J. G. Royal
7. The bronze helmets from the battle of the Aegates Islands
A. L. Goldman and A. Rose
8a. Carthaginian finds from the Egadi battle area
F. Oliveri
8b. Amphoras and tablewares
J. G. Royal
Appendix. Petrological analysis of amphora samples
C. Capelli, M. Piazza and R. Cabella
9. The small finds
S. Tusa and J. G. Royal
Appendix. Petrological analysis of the ballast stones
G. Alías and M. Aulinas
10a. Ram manufacture and the nature of bronze objects
J. G. Royal
Appendix. Metallurgical analysis of the bronze eyebolt
E. Faber, J. C. Henderson and L. Weeks
10b.La manifattura di alcuni rostri delle Egadi
C. A. Buccellato
Appendix. LAnalisi metallica di alcuni rostri della Battaglia delle Egadi
C. A. Buccellato
11. The warships: construction and tactics
J. G. Royal
Appendix. Analysis of the timbers of the Egadi warship no. 10
B. Held and R. Blanchette
12. Perspectives on the Battle of the Aegates Islands
J. G. Royal
General Bibliography

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